Teks lengkap Science and Reason, Reason and Faith: A Kantian Perspective [format PDF] oleh Alfred I. Tauber. Boleh dibaca sebagai bacaan sampingan, bukan teras atau artikel pokok untuk memahami Pencerahan. Sekadar bacaan sokongan.
Seseorang yang tidak biasa dengan diskusi isu-isu Zaman Pencerahan, debat falsafah sains Barat tetapi meminati agama dinasihatkan membaca dengan perlahan-lahan dan teliti.
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I was presenting a report to a group of physicians, and dropped the phrase, “the Enlightenment,” probably as a dangling participle to no good effect.
In any case, the chief medical officer, a man in his mid-40s at the time (that is, a man about my own age), South African (and thus possessing an accent that smacked of erudition), and a rather general haughty air about him (no doubt from the authority of his position), stopped me by asking, “What is the Enlightenment?”
I paused, not sure of his intention, but soon discerned that he was genuinely perplexed from a state of utter ignorance.
At that moment, there in the boardroom of the big city hospital, I realized that we were in trouble, deep trouble.
Shortly thereafter I initiated my career shift into philosophy, where despite encountering a universe of different kinds of problems, at least my colleagues knew such turn of phrases as “the Enlightenment” and could respond with a kindly nod or a disapproving frown. They knew how we are the products of that cultural moment, and how those values developed and continue to guide liberalism and the specific endeavor we call education.
I have often contemplated how I might have answered my physician inquisitor.
Instead of sputtering some incoherent mumblings, I wish I could have quickly listed the key components of the Enlightenment: celebration of an unfettered reason; the relentless questioning of authority and doctrine; the promotion of individuality and free-choice; the centrality of selfhood and moral agency; the confidence in progress; the sanctity of secularism.
In short, these precepts, refracted into the worlds of politics, law, social mores, and perhaps most evidently in theology, marked modernity’s coming of age.
Returning to my doctor colleague, I would have explained that his ignorance was symptomatic (a word he would undoubtedly have understood and would hopefully peak his interest) of the troubled status of this humanist-science alliance. Let us briefly review that recent history.
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